Jacques Lipchitz (1891- 1973) was a Russian-born French sculptor whose style was based on the principles of Cubism. He was a Jewish refugee who moved to Paris in 1909 and became fascinated by European avant-garde art which was shaking up the art world and Cubism was born. Lipchitz, who’d been introduced to Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, soon began to translate their Cubist paintings into three-dimensional sculpture.
At the beginning of World War II, Lipchitz fled from the Nazis and ended up in the US, leaving behind a less abstract style and, in a major career-changing transformation, he began producing larger scaled sculptures in bronze. He settled in New York City where his work became increasingly emotionally expressive. Today, he is regarded as one of the foremost contributors to the Cubist movement and to modern sculpture.